By Bernadette Therese M. Gadon, Researcher
AVERAGE MONTHLY WAGE charge of chosen occupations decreased by nearly a tenth in 2020, reflecting the economic system’s document contraction because of the coronavirus pandemic.
The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) on Wednesday mentioned the common month-to-month wages of time-rated staff throughout 190 monitored jobs within the nation declined by 9% to P16,486 in 2020 from P18,108 in 2018, citing the Occupational Wages Survey (OWS).
Then again, the median month-to-month primary pay inched up by 0.6% to P13,646 in 2020 from P13,559 in 2018.
Performed each two years, OWS is a nationwide survey of institutions using 20 or extra staff. It screens the wage charges of two benchmark occupations — accounting and bookkeeping clerks and unskilled staff — and at most 11 occupations in every of the predetermined 55 out of 71 industries.
“The principle goal of the 2020 OWS is to generate wage statistics as crucial inputs to insurance policies on wage and wage administration and wage dedication significantly in wage-fixing, value insurance policies and collective bargaining negotiations,” the PSA mentioned.
For the 2020 OWS, a complete of 190 industry-specific jobs had been monitored. The reference interval covers the pay interval that features Aug. 31, 2020.
Among the many 18 industries coated within the survey, mining and quarrying staff noticed a rise of their median month-to-month primary pay by 14.5% to P13,272 in 2020 from P11,590 in 2018. Staff within the electrical energy, fuel, steam, and air-conditioning provide sector noticed a ten.7% rise in pay to P27,253 from P24,627, whereas these in human well being and social work actions noticed wages enhance by 9.8% to P14,721 from P13,411.
In the meantime, staff within the following industries noticed a decline of their median primary pay in 2020: monetary and insurance coverage actions by 13.5% (to P15,986 in 2020 from P18,486 in 2018); actual property actions by 9.7% (P16,238 from P17,989); and wholesale and retail commerce, restore of motor automobiles and bikes by 5.3% (P12,592 from P13,299).
By way of allowances, the PSA reported a 43.1% rise in median month-to-month allowances throughout all industries amounting to P2,456 in 2020 from P1,716 in 2018.
The survey additionally recognized the highest 10 highest-paying occupations within the nation, with mathematicians, actuaries, and statisticians main with P63,368 monthly, adopted by pc community professionals (P59,787 monthly), and geologists and geophysicists (P50,449 monthly).
Economists largely blamed the decline in month-to-month common pay to the fallout introduced by the coronavirus illness 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.
Since March 2020, the Philippines has applied quarantine restrictions to include the unfold of COVID-19, leading to decreased mobility for staff.
The strict lockdowns battered the economic system, which posted a document 9.6% contraction in 2020. Philippine economic system rebounded final 12 months with a gross home product progress of 5.6%.
Some corporations have since then applied distant or hybrid work setups.
“The decline in productiveness because of work stoppages related to lockdowns and mobility restrictions contributed to the decline within the common month-to-month wage charge,” College of Asia and the Pacific Senior Economist Cid L. Terosa mentioned in an e-mail. “Additionally, the common month-to-month wage charge fell as a result of the availability of staff far exceeded the demand for them.”
UnionBank of the Philippines, Inc. Chief Economist Ruben Carlo O. Asuncion mentioned that the outcomes of the OWS survey confirmed how different occupations decreased within the ranks, particularly on jobs that had been closely affected by the pandemic comparable to airline-related occupations.
“I observed that one particular highest paid job lacking on the listing is the airline pilot and it isn’t arduous to determine why. The pandemic has virtually obliterated the job and associated jobs and would undoubtedly take extra time for the job to come back again,” he mentioned in an e-mail alternate.
Regardless of the development within the median primary pay and allowances in 2020, this didn’t result in the creation of extra jobs, Mr. Terosa mentioned.
“Clearly, occupations requiring larger degree expertise units acquired the very best pay. The pandemic didn’t have an effect on occupations that may simply benefit from the shift in direction of completely different working preparations and technology-based duties,” he mentioned.
Likewise, Mr. Asuncion famous that the rise is just “short-term.” “It’s becoming to notice that full-time jobs have declined and part-time jobs grew in the course of the top of the pandemic. There was job creation, however they’re extra short-term and time-bound,” he mentioned.
Each economists count on a rebound each within the common and median month-to-month primary pay of the Filipino staff within the subsequent spherical of the OWS because the economic system step by step picks up. In addition they see a rise within the technology-related jobs going ahead.
“Within the new regular, occupations involving distant work, e-commerce, automation and associated know-how will probably be paid extra extremely than the remaining,” Mr. Terosa mentioned. “Demand for high-wage jobs that require higher schooling, intensive coaching, and versatile expertise will proceed to develop.”
“General, know-how and knowledge science jobs will cleared the path,” Mr. Asuncion mentioned.